Positive Behaviour Support Resources

Guidelines, papers and websites

Foundations of Positive Behaviour Support films – form part of the NDS Zero Tolerance initiative. A series of vimeo links; a useful resource for staff training and induction and whilst they are primarily targeted towards Disability Support Workers, they are suitable for a wide-ranging audience.

NDIS Quality and Safeguards Commission – Behaviour support is about creating individualised strategies for people with disability that are responsive to the person’s needs, in a way that reduces the occurrence and impact of behaviours of concern and minimises the use of restrictive practices.

What is Positive Behaviour Support – Autism Spectrum Australia.

An introduction to PBS – An Introduction to PBS is a short animation – just six minutes long – that gives an overview of PBS and how PBS approaches work in practice when supporting an individual (BILD).

NDS Zero Tolerance – an initiative led by NDS in partnership with the disability sector. It assists disability service providers to understand, implement and improve practices which safeguard the rights of people they support. Built around a national evidence-based framework.

The Association for Positive Behaviour Support Australia – aims to improve the access to and scope of PBIS (Positive Behaviour Interventions and Support) implementation across Australia.

The Association for Positive Behaviour Support (APBS) – Its Mission: “Enhance the quality of life of people across the life-span by promoting evidence-based and effective positive behavior support to realize socially valid and equitable outcomes for people, families, schools, agencies, and communities.” Has an Australian network.

Challenging Behaviour and Learning Disabilities: Prevention and Interventions for People with Learning Disabilities Whose Behaviour Challenges – National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (UK); 2015 May. (NICE Guideline, No. 11.) Guideline Development Group members and National Collaborating Centre for Mental Health (NCCMH) review team.

What-is-your-childs-Challenging-Behaviour-trying-to-tell-you: A guide for families. – This guide is for parents, family members and carers who are worried about their child’s/family member’s behaviour. For the sake of readability we will refer to ‘parents’ and the child as ‘your child’ throughout the resource. https://ddwa.org.au/resources/.

I-Am-Trying-To-Tell-You-Something-May-2019-PDF: Supporting adults who can behave in challenging ways: Supporting adults who can behave in challenging ways.  www.ddwa.org.au. June 2019.

Positive behavioural support for adults with intellectual disabilities and behaviour that challenges: an initial exploration of the economic case. Iemmi, Valentina, Knapp, Martin, Saville, Maria, McLennan, Kathy, McWade, Paul and Toogood, Sandy (2015)  International Journal of Positive Behavioural Support, 5 (1). pp. 16-25.

Practice Guide No1 – QLD Centre of excellence – What is positive behaviour support? (Centre of Excellence for Clinical Innovation and Behaviour Support, August 2018).

Positive-Behavioural-Support-Competence-Framework UK 2015

Reducing challenging behaviour of adults with intellectual disabilities in supported accommodation: A cluster randomized controlled trial of setting-wide PBS – Science Direct (2018)

The efficacy of PBS with challenging behaviour – LaVigna, G & Willis T. Journal of Intellectual & Developmental Disability. July 2012

The distinction between motivating operations and setting events – M R. Nosik1 & J E. Carr. Behaviour Analyst (2015).

Behaviour Support and the Use of Medications: a guide for practitioners – Intellectual Disability Behaviour Support Program (2018) Behaviour Support and the use of medication, guide for practitioners. UNSW Sydney.

Understanding Behaviour Support Practice Guide Children to 8 years of age –  Dew, A., Jones, A., Horvat, K., Cumming, T., Dillon Savage, I., & Dowse, L. (2017). Understanding Behaviour Support Practice: Young Children (0–8 years) with Developmental Delay and Disability. UNSW Sydney.

Understanding Behaviour Support Practice Guide Children 9-18 – Dew, A., Jones, A., Horvat, K., Cumming, T., Dillon Savage, I., & Dowse, L. (2017). Understanding Behaviour Support Practice: Young Children (9-18 years) with Developmental Delay and Disability. UNSW Sydney.

Positive Behaviour Support Guide for the South Australian Disability Service Sector

Positive Practice Framework: A guide for behaviour support practitioners. Victoria, Department of Health and Human Services, January 2018

Complex Support Needs Planning – Living the life I want: A guide to help with planning has been developed with and for people with cognitive impairment and complex support needs to assist them to engage in making plans.

The uncounted costs – choice and control for people with behaviours of concern. Research report 2015

Positive Practices in Behavioral Support Through Non-Linear Applied Behavior Analysis, Facilitator’s Manual – Gary W. LaVigna, Thomas J. Willis, John Q. Marshall. © 2009 Institute for Applied Behavior Analysis® Los Angeles, California.

PBS Academy – The PBS Academy is a collective of organisations and individuals in the UK who are working together to promote Positive Behavioural Support (PBS) as a framework for working with children and adults with learning disabilities who are at risk of behaviour that challenges (UK).

Positive Behaviour Support Working together to make things better – A document in easy read about Positive Behaviour Support to use when working with people with learning disabilities (Centre for the Advancement of Positive Behaviour Support).

Positive Behaviour Support …and why it should be included in service specifications – Easy read document by Tyzard Centre.

What is Positive Behaviour Support? – This animated video produced by the Centre for the Advancement of PBS at BILD gives a very helpful overview of PBS and how PBS approaches work in practice when supporting an individual.

Centre for the Advancement of Positive Behaviour Support (CAPBS) – BILD UK. A wealth of PBS resources including videos.

What is Functional Behaviour Assessment? – by Educate Autism

Introduction to Positive Behaviour Support – An animated video by the Callan Institute.

The Institute of Applied Behaviour Analysis

Centre for Applied Behaviour Analysis

Information sheets on challenging behaviour and PBS:  The Challenging Behaviour Foundation

* Part 1: Understanding Challenging Behaviour

* Part 2: Finding the causes of Challenging Behaviour

* Part 3: Positive Behaviour Support Planning

Autism Speaks Family Services – Challenging Behaviors Tool Kit

Applied Behaviour Analysis – information about ABA by Educate Autism


PBS Plans and Guides

PBSP Template_2019 by Dr Alinka Fisher, Flinders University

Preparing a positive behaviour support plan — guidelines and model plan – An example of a PBS Plan in detail (Department of Communities, Child Safety and Disability Services).

Behaviour Support Planning toolkit section 2 – How to write a BSP planning guide (word) – Health and Human Services, Victoria.

Behaviour Support Planning toolkit section 1 – Why develop good quality plans? (word) – Health and Human Services, Victoria.

Positive Behaviour Support Plan Guideline: How to write a PBS Plan – The Senior Practitioner has issued this Guideline to assist service providers to develop a PBS Plan, consistent with the objects and requirements of the SP Act, for a person with behaviours of concern that may cause harm to themselves or others (Office of the ACT Senior Practitioner, April 2019).

Preparing a positive behaviour support plan, guidelines and model plan – Department of Communities, Disability Services and Seniors, Qld.


PBS Strategiesterru

Ten Positive Behavior Support Strategies to Support Families at Home – Association for Positive Behaviour Support.

Schedules of Reinforcement – by Educate Autism

Positive Reinforcement – by Educate Autism

Negative Reinforcement – by Educate Autism

Token Economy – by Educate Autism

Extinction Procedures – by Educate Autism


PBS Data Gathering Tools 

Functional behaviour assessment tools – DEAI website

Compendium of Resources for Positive Behaviour Support – This compendium of resources provides behaviour support practitioners with a comprehensive list of positive behaviour support assessment tools that can be used for the purposes of behaviour support assessment, planning, intervention, monitoring and review (NDIS Q+S Commission).

Positive Behavior Support Setting Checklist – Examines relevant environmental aspects (Hieneman, 2016).

Behaviour Support Planning toolkit section 4 – Useful assessment tools and forms (word) including Frequency Recording, STAR chart, Questions about behavioural function, FBA (Health and Human Services, Victoria).

Data gathering tools (ABC, Scatterplots) – PBIS World

Reinforcement inventory for adults and children – Behavior Assessment Guide © 1993, IABA, Los Angeles, CA 90045

Preference Assessments/Reinforce Inventories – One way to reduce problem behavior is to provide a specific schedule of reinforcement. Preference assessments are a formalized way of identifying what an individual likes. (Autism Teaching Supports).


Monitoring tools

Behaviour Intervention Plan Quality Evaluation Scoring Guide II – To Evaluate Behavior Intervention Plans. Diana Browning Wright.

Positive Behaviour Person-Centered Plan Report Scoring Criteria & Checklist – Adapted from the Kansas Institute for Positive Behavior Support Person-Centered Positive Behavior Support Plan (PC-PBS) Report Scoring Criteria & Checklist (Rev. 3-5-07).